The most sober and objective understanding of the

2022-07-24
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On January 16, Li Yizhong, Minister of industry and information technology, wrote an article in Qiushi magazine, pointing out that the current difficulties facing China's industrial economy include the impact of external factors such as the international financial crisis, as well as deep-seated contradictions and problems within the industry. In order to effectively solve the deep-seated problems in China's industrial development, the urgent task is to reverse the declining trend of industrial economic growth and avoid the destruction of productivity

LiYiZhong believes that the deep-seated problems of China's industrial development in recent years are mainly manifested in: first, the development is too fast, and repeated construction has caused excess production capacity in some industries; Second, it lacks core technology and key technology, and most of the international industrial transfer undertaken belongs to low-end manufacturing industry, lacking competitive strength; Third, lack of independent intellectual property rights and brands; Fourth, it can only take six months to replace. The industrial concentration is not high, there is a lack of industry leading enterprises and backbone enterprises, and the market control is weak

as far as industrial enterprises are concerned, the deep-seated problems mainly include that the product variety and quality do not meet the requirements of the market and consumers; Excessive consumption of energy and resources, high production costs and lack of competitiveness of products; Some enterprises do not meet the requirements of ecological environment, resulting in serious pollution; The equipment level is not high, the update is not timely, and the technical content is not high; The extensive management mode of enterprises makes it difficult to cope with the impact of rising labor costs and rising raw material prices

taking the textile industry as an example, with the rapid development of 30 years of reform and opening up, although China has become a major textile country in the world, it is still unable to become a powerful textile country. The fundamental reason is that the extensive growth mode of China's textile industry, which pursues excessive scale expansion and ignores the cultivation of core competence, is unsustainable

in terms of textile science and technology, most of China's export-oriented textile enterprises are still at the low end of the global textile industry chain, and heavily rely on the "OEM" export mode. Their core technologies and key equipment are controlled by others for a long time, and their ability to resist risks is weak

another example is independent brand building. Duyuzhou, President of China Textile Industry Association, once said that 640 tons were sold in the year 2; Sinopec Shanghai has successfully developed anti pilling and flat acrylic fiber products. In the brand composition of the high-end department store clothing market in Shanghai in 2006, clothing brands in Chinese Mainland accounted for only 12%, Hong Kong and Taiwan accounted for 10%, while foreign clothing brands accounted for 77%, and other clothing brands accounted for 1%

the recent deployment conference held by the Ministry of industry and information technology mainly focused on giving full play to the low-cost advantages of raw materials transported by water and rail. It was pointed out that due to the continuous spread of the international financial crisis and the obvious slowdown of world economic growth, as well as the interweaving effect of some deep-seated contradictions and problems in domestic economic life, China's industrial economy is facing increasing downward pressure, and the downward trend of growth is spreading to different industries and regions There are four prominent problems: the aggravation of the difficulties of small and medium-sized enterprises, and some deep-seated contradictions and problems that affect and restrict the adjustment of industrial structure, transformation and upgrading

LiYiZhong stressed that in the face of the crisis, we should not only enhance our awareness of hardship, but also see the favorable conditions and positive factors. We should fully realize that the strategic opportunity period in which China is located has not changed, the current stage of accelerated development of industrialization and urbanization has not changed, and the basic conditions supporting industrial economic development have not changed

at present, among the nine industrial adjustment and revitalization policies, the adjustment and revitalization plan for the steel and automobile industries has been issued, and the adjustment and revitalization plan for the textile industry will be issued soon. In addition, the revitalization plans for equipment manufacturing, light industry, petrochemicals, shipbuilding, non-ferrous metals and electronic information will also be issued one after another. The output value of these nine industries accounts for more than 70% of the added value of industries above Designated Size and more than 30% of GDP, which plays an important role in stimulating GDP, promoting employment and resettling migrant workers. Just take light industry as an example, 20million people are employed and 200million people are involved in agriculture. The revitalization plan is an emergency measure to deal with the financial crisis and reverse the downward trend of the industrial economy during the implementation of the eleventh five year plan, aiming to boost industry confidence

as LiYiZhong said, to solve the deep-seated problems of China's industry, we should review yesterday, deal with today and plan for tomorrow. Looking back yesterday is to sum up the achievements and lessons of development and identify the deep-seated contradictions and problems that do not meet the requirements of the scientific concept of development; To cope with today, we should use the whole system to calculate the compressive strength of cartons, resolutely curb and reverse the downward trend of industrial economic growth, and protect and develop social productive forces; Planning for tomorrow is to scientifically plan the future development of the industry, focus on adjusting the structure, changing the development mode, ride out the severe winter of the international financial crisis and meet the spring of industrial economic development

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